What are Hemorrhoids ?

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are pillows of bulges in the blood vessels (veins) in the rectum. Hemorrhoids can occur suddenly, but usually it is a chronic disease of the harder or easier form.

Hemorrhoids are large or small swollen tissue around the anal opening, both inside and out. Hemorrhoids are both painful, itchy and they can bleed. Fortunately, hemorrhoids can be easily treated and in many cases they can be completely avoided if treated in the early stages.   hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are more often the older you become. Studies have shown that nearly 90% of all people at one time or another, have had problems with hemorrhoids lesser or greater degree.

The main symptoms are bleeding associated with toileting, often in the form of splashes of fresh blood in the toilet bowl. Plus you have pain, discomfort, burning, discharge and itching around the rectum.

How to prevent hemorrhoids?

The best way to prevent against hemorrhoids is to keep stools soft so that it can easily pass through the intestines without forsaking unnecessary pressure. This is done by eating fruits and vegetables. Eat plenty of fiber to avoid constipation, or use one of the popular decongestants. You can read about in the article “Over the counter medications for hemorrhoids.”

Go to the toilet as soon as the urge arises to avoid unnecessary pressure on the rectum. Walking, running and many other exercise also helps in digestion and avoid constipation.

The disease can get worse over time if you do not prevent it by changing diet and bowel habits. Hemorrhoids are not a malignant disease, and it cannot develop it, but hemorrhoids can become jammed, and there may be a blood clot in the hemorrhoid. Both conditions are very painful and requires surgery.

Who gets the disease?

Anyone can get the disease, but the elderly are more vulnerable than younger, and about half of the population will at some point get genes of hemorrhoids. The disease is extremely rare in children.

What causes hemorrhoids?

If you have ‘constipation and to press much in the toilet, you can get hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids occur because the veins in the rectum lose their firm anchoring becomes strangulated, have increased blood volume and can be squeezed out of the anus.

how to get rid of hemorrhoids

What can I do?

Treatment depends on how severe hemorrhoids are. For anyone with hemorrhoids however, agree that it is important to avoid ‘constipation. You can avoid constipation by eating more ‘high-fiber foods and drink enough fluid. Physical activity will also reduce the risk of constipation.

Medical treatment

For the the treatment of hemorrhoids are used creams, ointments or suppositories (suppository) containing both a local anesthetic and a corticosteroid, which inhibits the reaction (inflammation) in the tissue. You may not get this treatment for four weeks due. Risk of damaging the mucosa.

One can inject polidocanol about hemorrhoids, so the blood vessels to contract and bleeding to stop. This treatment has never gained widespread use in Denmark, because of the risk that the lining around the hemorrhoid too little blood and therefore die.

For systemic treatment can be used medicines that reduce to inflation of the veins and protects small blood vessels.

Surgery may be that the doctor detaches hemorrhoid with rubber bands or cut it away. Elastic method does not require anesthesia, but the method can only be used if the hemorrhoid is in the part of the rectum, do not contain nerves.